The Climate and Resilience Act was enacted on August 22, 2021 and published in the Official Journal on August 24, 2021. The latter transcribes part of the 146 proposals of the Citizens' Climate Convention.

The latter was an assembly, formed in 2019, bringing together 150 citizens drawn by lot to propose measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030.

The President of the Republic had himself committed to transmit "without filter" the proposals completed to the parliament. Of the 146 proposals, Barbara Pompili, Minister of Ecological Transition, announced that 40% would be transcribed into law.

In the text quoted, there are about 300 articles based on the following themes: consuming, producing and working, moving, housing and feeding ourselves.

The idea is also to give the High Council for the Climate, a French advisory body created in 2018, composed of 12 experts with scientific, technical and economic skills, a competence to evaluate the measures planned.

We find for the theme related to consumption patterns and food the creation of environmental labels to inform consumers about the environmental impact of products and services they consume, which aims to be democratized and become mandatory for clothing.

In terms of marketing, advertising for polluting cars will also be banned in 2028.

In the area of travel, domestic flights will be banned from 2022 if an alternative solution allows the same journey to be made by train in less than two and a half hours, carpooling lanes will be created and the sale of the most polluting new cars will be banned in 2030.

In the area of housing, the measures to ban the rental of thermal flats are also supported.

By 2023, owners of G-rated housing (whose energy consumption exceeds 450 kWh/m²/year) will no longer be able to increase their rents and gradually these rents will no longer be offered for rent (in theory by 2025).

Emmanuelle Wargon, Minister of Housing, had also been keen to affirm the monitoring of this course of action stating in January "to start slowly with a threshold that is not very restrictive to leave a little more visibility to other landlords" with the aim of "ramping up later".

Finally, we find the implementation of new offences:
Firstly, the offence of endangering the environment: "having exposed the environment to a risk of lasting degradation of the fauna, flora or water by violating an obligation of safety or prudence" may be punished by 3 years imprisonment and 250,000 euros fine.

Secondly, the general offence of pollution of the environment for the most serious cases concerning the most serious committed voluntarily to the environment will be able to be punished of 10 years of imprisonment and 4,5 million euros of fine.

All of these measures constitute a major advance followed in parallel at the European level with the adoption of the green deal.